NSAC's Blog

Guest Post: USDA’s Proposed Rule for School Meals Shines a Light on Local

February 13, 2023

Photo credit: USDA.

Editor’s Note: This post is a guest blog post authored by FoodCorps, an NSAC member organization. The article originally appeared on February 6, 2023.  

The USDA’s proposed school nutrition and local sourcing guidelines are best served with food education.

Last week, the USDA announced a proposed rule to update nutrition standards for school meals. These recommendations build off of the incredible work of school nutrition professionals to deliver nourishing food to students every day—including during the pandemic—and they’ll impact millions of kids who eat school meals.

Here’s an overview of what’s included:

  • Updated requirements for sodium, whole grains, flavored milk, and added sugar (a newly added component)
  • A proposal that makes it easier for schools to purchase ingredients from local farmers and suppliers
  • A request for more information about how to incorporate culturally relevant and traditional foods in school menus specifically for American Indian and Alaska Native communities

FoodCorps celebrates the USDA’s proposal to support schools in buying local menu items and serving culturally relevant foods. School meals are often the most nutritious meals a child will eat during the day, and updated guidelines like these help to ensure consistency in school meals across state and district lines. However, we also know it takes more than a balanced plate to make a meal nourishing and appealing. Here are some things to consider. 

Keep Food Education on the Table

We know kids are more likely to eat the nutritious foods on their plate if they’ve tasted them before—ideally, several times before! That’s where food education comes in. In hundreds of schools nationwide, FoodCorps members teach kids about nourishing food in gardens, classrooms, and cafeterias. These lessons include how to grow, harvest, and cook different nutritious foods—and come with plenty of opportunities to taste those foods, too.

This approach is proven to work; students in schools with more of FoodCorps’ hands-on learning eat up to three times as many fruits and vegetables as students in schools with less hands-on learning, a Columbia University study found. 

In FoodCorps schools, students might follow the growth of a plant from seedling to strawberry, or choose between two preparations of butternut squash in a cafeteria taste test. They might share stories about their favorite family food traditions, or make healthy snacks with veggies grown in the school garden. Later, when kids see those same fruits and vegetables in the cafeteria, they’re eager to reach for them and more likely to eat them. This classroom-to-cafeteria link is an important step when rolling out new options, like a salad bar or a new vegetable on the menu. 

Hands-on, experiential lessons help students develop agency and confidence and get them excited to try new things—and can even improve academic performance in other subject areas. What kids eat at school matters, not just for their daily fuel, but for the decisions they’ll make and the relationship they’ll have with food for the rest of their lives.

Local Food Matters

FoodCorps believes that in order for school meals to truly nourish kids, they must be culturally relevant, scratch-cooked, locally sourced, and served in an inclusive environment. This means serving foods that are important to kids’ cultures and identities and procuring ingredients from nearby farmers and producers. It also means making cafeterias calm, affirming spaces, and ensuring kids have enough time to eat their meals. 

FoodCorps works with countless school nutrition professionals who are innovative and resourceful when it comes to serving delicious, culturally relevant meals. These staff work within a complex set of rules and guidelines just to purchase the supplies and ingredients they need to feed our children. Buying food directly from local farmers and suppliers has many benefits, including more reliability and fewer supply chain disruptions (even during COVID). Purchasing directly from producers also keeps food dollars in the community, stimulating the local economy. 

Even better is that building those local relationships cultivates community and a direct line of communication between schools and food suppliers. Local producers can choose crops and ensure inventory that are most relevant as schools build their menus. 

When pandemic-era supply chain disruptions began affecting cafeterias, FoodCorps listened to school nutrition leaders’ stories of resilience. Their solutions ranged from working with local bakeries for staples like rolls and tortillas, to local suppliers delivering creative grab-and-go packaging solutions, to partnerships with local farms for consistent produce orders.

As FoodCorps alum Phoebe Wong shared during last year’s White House Conference on Hunger, Nutrition, and Health: “Listen to the farmers. They know what is best for their community.” The provision in the USDA’s proposed rule allowing schools to prioritize “local” in the purchasing process is an important move to better connect farmers and schools and, ultimately, to better nourish our nation’s children. 

Raise Your Voice

The USDA held numerous listening sessions before developing this proposal. Now they want to hear from stakeholders—including parents, students, school district leaders, and food suppliers—before finalizing this rule. The public comment period is open until April 10, so consider sharing your thoughts on the importance of local, culturally relevant food in school! 

We also encourage school nutrition leaders who identify as Black, Indigenous, Multiracial, and/or People of Color to join Food Operators and Leaders of Color in Schools (FOLCS), our initiative for leadership development, mentorship, and networking among school nutrition professionals.

We’re hopeful that, alongside these updated nutrition guidelines, we’ll see continued investments from the government in our kids’ wellbeing, and in the people who feed millions of students every day. Our kids’ futures are counting on it.

Categories: Carousel, Local & Regional Food Systems, Nutrition & Food Access

2 responses to “Guest Post: USDA’s Proposed Rule for School Meals Shines a Light on Local”

  1. Susan Perry says:

    I am excited to see the emphasis on appropriate and kid oriented nutrition guidelines. In NM there has been excellent with assisting local growers and food providers to contract with and provide their products to our schools. It is well worth the effort!

  2. Martha Dahlinger says:

    My hope is that one day a healthy breakfast and lunch will be available free of charge for all public school students preschool to graduation. This would encourage healthy eating habits, a taste for a variety of foods, and an opportunity to sit down for a meal rather than snacking on the run or not eating at all throughout the day.

    Our society is concerned about obese children, to the point of recommending surgery. Really, is this easier than addressing the social, economic, and packaged food industry problems in our country.

    Too many of our children go hungry; this is unacceptable in a country that has so many resources and a reasonable GNP. Good nutrition promotes good health mentally and physically. Healthy people are able to contribute to society. Children that society demonstrates care and respect for are more likely to want to contribute than those who are neglected.

    I support the local & regional food systems that contribute to our sense of a caring community.