Please note that the Grassroots Guide has not yet been updated to reflect changes made by the 2018 Farm Bill, which was passed and signed into law in December 2018. We are in the process of updating the Guide and expect to publish an updated version in the spring of 2019. In the meantime, please use this guide for basic information about programs and important resources and links for more information, but check with USDA for any relevant program changes made by the 2018 Farm Bill. Also, check out our blog series covering highlights from the new farm bill.
Very small businesses are the lifeblood of rural America, yet small entrepreneurs often struggle to access credit and business training. Fortunately, USDA operates a rural development program — the Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program (RMAP) — aimed at addressing this gap. RMAP provides loans and grants to non-profit organizations, community-based financial institutions, and local economic development councils, which in turn provide technical services and microloans to rural small business owners in their states and local communities.
Learn More About RMAP!
USDA’s Rural Business-Cooperative Service administers RMAP. The program provides loan capital and technical assistance funding to local and regional organizations that qualify as Microenterprise Development Organizations (MDOs), which in turn provide microloans and business development technical assistance to rural microentrepreneurs.
RMAP defines a “microentrepreneur” as a rural sole proprietorship or business with less than ten employees. Additionally, these potential borrowers are required to show that they cannot obtain funding from other lending sources due to lack of credit or limited business development experience. The microbusinesses must be located in rural areas defined as any area other than a city or town that has a population of greater than 50,000 and the urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to such a city or town according to the latest decennial census.
There are three categories of funding that are available through RMAP:
The federal share of the cost of a microentrepreneur’s project shall not exceed 75 percent, meaning that the MDO must provide or secure the remaining 25 percent from non-federal sources. For any RMAP grant, MDOs must match at least 15 percent of the total amount of the grant in the form of matching funds, indirect costs, or in-kind goods or services.
To be eligible to apply for RMAP funding as an MDO, an organization must be a nonprofit entity, Indian tribe, or public institution of higher education; they must facilitate access to capital; and they must have a demonstrated record or future plan of delivering relevant services.
MDOs are not required to be located in a rural area, but the microentrepreneurs they lend to must be in rural areas.
Since 2010, USDA has made 300 awards, totaling nearly $25 million, to help MDOs provide training, business planning, and market development assistance as well as fixed interest rate microloans to rural micro-entrepreneurs.
RMAP has been used to:
Read more about how RMAP has helped grow jobs in rural communities:
In years in which RMAP has farm bill funding or appropriated dollars, USDA issues Notices of Funding Availability (NOFA). The NOFAs include the amount of funding available and the deadlines by which MDOs must submit their applications.
To apply for funding for RMAP, contact your Rural Development State Office.
You can visit USDA’s RMAP page for more information.
Read about the latest news on RMAP on our blog!
Congress created RMAP in the 2008 Farm Bill. RMAP is one of a handful of farm bill-funded programs that sometimes also receives an annual appropriation as part of the annual agricultural appropriations bill.
The 2014 Farm Bill reauthorizes and provides $3 million in mandatory funding for RMAP each year from 2014 – 2018. The total mandatory funding level of $15 million is the same as under the 2008 Bill; however, the annual amounts are different. The program will need new funding in the next farm bill in order to continue as a farm bill-funded program after 2018.
Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program Funding
|Fiscal Year||Annual Funding (in millions)|
|5 yr total||$15|
|10 yr total||$15|
Please note: The funding levels in the chart above show the amount of mandatory funding reserved by the 2014 Farm Bill for this program to be provided through USDA’s Commodity Credit Corporation. However, Congress does at times pass subsequent appropriations legislation that caps the funding level for a particular year for a particular program at less than provided by the farm bill in order to use the resulting savings to fund a different program. In addition, RMAP is subject to automatic cuts as part of an annual sequestration process established by the Budget Control Act of 2011. Therefore, despite its “mandatory” status, the funding level for a given year could be less than the farm bill dictates should the Appropriations Committees decide to raid the farm bill to fund other programs under its jurisdiction.
The most recent farm bill also continues an authorization for Congress to appropriate up to $40 million per year in additional discretionary funding, though the program has not received a discretionary appropriation since 2010. The discretionary funding level for RMAP is determined each year by Congress in the annual agricultural appropriations bill. Future funding cannot be projected as funding levels will be determined a year at a time by Congress. The program last received an appropriation in Fiscal Year 2010 when Congress appropriated $5 million for the program in addition to the mandatory funding the program received through the farm bill.
Section 6023 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 amends Section 379E(d) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act of 1961, to be codified at 7 U.S.C. Section 2008s(d).
Last updated in October 2016.