Please note that the Grassroots Guide has not yet been updated to reflect changes made by the 2018 Farm Bill, which was passed and signed into law in December 2018. We are in the process of updating the Guide and expect to publish an updated version in the spring of 2019. In the meantime, please use this guide for basic information about programs and important resources and links for more information, but check with USDA for any relevant program changes made by the 2018 Farm Bill. Also, check out our blog series covering highlights from the new farm bill.
Farmers and consumers both benefit from improved access to fresh, healthy, local food in communities across the country – but building more connections between farmers and consumers takes work. These important connections – including efforts like farmers markets and food hubs – help grow economic opportunities for small and mid-sized family farmers, increase consumer choice and access to fresh and healthy food, and improve rural livelihoods and communities. The Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program (FMLFPP) is a competitive grants program that funds direct-to-consumer marketing strategies as well as local and regional food business enterprises that act as intermediaries between producers and consumers by aggregating, storing, processing, and/or distributing locally or regionally produced food products to meet market demand.
Learn More About FMLFPP!
The Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program is an expanded version of the Farmers Market Promotion Program (FMPP), a competitive grants program authorized in the 2002 Farm Bill with the aim of increasing and strengthening direct producer-to-consumer marketing channels. FMLFPP is administered by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS).
FMLFPP funding is divided into two subprograms: one for direct marketing grants and one for intermediated marketing grants.
The term “local or regional food” is defined as a food product that is raised, produced, aggregated, stored, processed, and distributed in the locality or region where the final product is marketed to consumers. The total distance the product is transported must be within 400 miles from the origin of the product, or both the final market and the origin of the product must be within the same state, territory, or tribal land.
For both types of projects, USDA gives priority to projects that either primarily serve low income/low food access communities (as defined by USDA in its ERS Food Access Research Atlas map); or to those projects that involve Promise Zone Lead Applicant Organizations. At least 10 percent of the total funding will be reserved for these types of projects.
Matching funds are not required for Direct Marketing Grants. A cash or in-kind match, in an amount equal to 25 percent of the total cost of the project, is required for Intermediated Marketing Grants.
For both direct and intermediated marketing projects, the following entities are eligible to apply:
In its first year of implementation in 2014, FMLFPP provided over $27 million in grant awards to 372 organizations in 49 states and the District of Columbia to expand marketing and promotion activities for local and regional farm and food projects. The awards for 2014 were separated into two lists: one for Farmers Market Promotion (FMP) grantees and one for Local Food Promotion (LFP) grantees. In 2015, FMLFPP provided $25.2 million in grant awards to 324 organizations around the country.
Among the examples of FMP awardees and projects funded in 2015 are:
Among the examples of LFP awardees and projects funded in 2015 are:
Read more about the recent FMLFPP awardees and how the program is providing new and expanded marketing opportunities for farmers by viewing a complete list of previous FMPP and LFPP Awards:
Also, check out NSAC’s Local and Regional Food Systems Blog to learn more about how FMLFPP and other USDA program are helping to develop and expand local and regional marketing opportunities for farmers, as well as other relevant news and resources supporting local and regional food systems.
Each year, USDA’s Agriculture Marketing Service (AMS) publishes a Request For Applications (RFA) in the Federal Register and solicits applications from eligible organizations. There is no set timeframe for when the RFA is typically released, though AMS tries to get it published during the first quarter of each calendar year. Each RFA typically gives prospective applicants around 60-90 days to apply.
More information about applying for AMS grants, including FMLFPP, is available through the AMS website. Also, be sure to check out NSAC’s Local and Regional Food Systems Blog to get up to date information on the latest RFA and awards.
FMLFPP and its predecessor program, FMPP, have been championed by NSAC for over a decade. NSAC advocated for the creation of FMPP in the 2002 Farm Bill, but the program was not launched until 2006, when it first received funding through annual appropriations. In the 2008 Farm Bill, NSAC helped secure first time mandatory funding for FMPP in the amount of $33 million over 5 years. NSAC also helped to provide important policy changes to FMPP in the 2008 Farm Bill, including expanding the type of projects and entities eligible for funding.
The 2014 Farm Bill expanded FMPP into the current Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program by broadening the program’s authority to provide grants for local and regional food enterprises that are not direct producer-to-consumer markets, but act as intermediaries between producers and consumers, in addition to direct-to-consumer marketing channels like farmers markets and CSAs. The farm bill also increased funding for FMLFPP from $10 million per year in the final years of the 2008 Farm Bill to $30 million per year. The first grant cycle for the newly expanded FMLFPP program was first announced in a Request for Applications (RFA) in May 2014, with awardees announced in September 2014. The second grant cycle was announced in an RFA released in March 2015, with awardees announced in October 2015.
Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program Funding
|Fiscal Year||Total Farm Bill Mandatory Funding (in millions)|
|5 yr total||$150|
Please note: The funding levels in the chart above show the amount of mandatory funding reserved by the 2014 Farm Bill for this program to be provided through USDA’s Commodity Credit Corporation. However, Congress does at times pass subsequent appropriations legislation that caps the funding level for a particular year for a particular program at less than provided by the farm bill in order to use the resulting savings to fund a different program. Therefore, despite its “mandatory” status, the funding level for a given year could be less than the farm bill dictates should the Appropriations Committees decide to raid the farm bill to fund other programs under its jurisdiction. In addition, FMLFPP is subject to automatic cuts as part of an annual sequestration process established by the Budget Control Act of 2011.
For the most current information on program funding levels, please see NSAC’s Annual Appropriations Chart.
Section 10003 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 amends Section 6 of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act 1976, to be codified at 7 U.S.C. Section 3005.
Last updated in October 2016.